If you consider yourself as a tea specialist, you might have heard about the following tea names. If your knowledge in teas is not that wide, you should discover more about these green teas.
The first thing you should know about green tea is that it originates from Camellia Sinensis. Every tea type such as black, oolong, white, green or yellow are originating from the same plant. The type of tea is determined from the way how the plant is processed: green tea undergoes the least quantity of oxidation through the process, while black tea undergoes the most amount of oxidation.
The green tea that comes from China has more lately become widespread in the West, which was before ruled by black tea. Green tea is one of the mostly consumed drinks, supplements and even cosmetic products.
The First Brew
It is believed that green tea has been first brewed in 2737 BC in China when Emperor Chen Nung was in power. Even then, the green tea has been used for medicinal purposes and for drinking. The Chinese used it for controlling the bleeding, curing wounds, regulating body temperature, regulating blood sugar levels and improve the digestive system- and they werent too far off from what we know today about the green teas medicinal strength.
In the 8-th century AD, Lu Yus definitive book, The Classic of Tea, includes everything from how to make and enjoy tea to where you can find a tasty cup. He made a list of 28 items used in making tea conained a crushing block, a charcoal mallet, a cauldron and cauldron stand, a water container and boiled water container, and fire chopsticks. Yu considered the tea as deeply spiritual, symbolizing the harmony and unity in the universe.
Around 450 years later a Zen priest named Eisai wrote Kissa Yojoki: How to Stay Healthy by Drinking Tea, a book in which was explained how the vital organs gained positive effects from the consummation of green tea. Eisai also states that green tea is able to relieve the negative effects of alcohol, heal blotchiness, heal beriberi disease (lack of vitamin B) and many other health conditions.
The Perfect Cup of Tea
The method of preparing a cup of tea has two names, brewing or steeping. Steeping means to soak while brewing means to create a drink by boiling, steeping or combining different components. Brewing is the term that is widely accepted. If you like to prepare the ideal cup of tea, begin with adding one teaspoon of green tea for a five-ounce cup. Adapt the ratio a little bit in order to satisfy your tastes.
Usually teas are steeped between 178 and 189 degrees for 2-3 minutes, but they can also go as low as 142-156 degrees and be steeped for only half a minute. The teas with lower quality are brewed for a longer period of time at higher temperatures, and brewing for longer period of time or at too high temperature can result in a bitter, astringent brew.
For Your Well-Being
Even thousands of years ago, the ancient healers were aware that green tea is very beneficial for our health- but today we know even more and why it is true. Green tea includes many different enzymes, amino acids, lipids, sterols, polyphenols, carotenoids, tocopherols, phytochemicals and dietary minerals. Catechin- is a type of phytochemical- feeds with free radicals that can harm the DNA and promote cancer, blood clots and atherosclerosis if not discovered. Catechins also assist in regulation of blood pressure and stimulating the blood circulation. The experts also state that green tea can avert stomach and skin cancers, improve mental alertness, lower weight, reduce cholesterol levels and keep the skin from any harm.
Many studies have been conducted to prove these statements about the green teas healing properties, and the science has still more to say. One research, including 500 Japanese women who suffer from stage-one and stage-two breast cancers discovered that the patients with increased intake of green tea before and after surgery experienced reduced recurrence of cancer. Also, another research released in the American Heart Associations Journal Stroke discovered the individuals who drink more green tea have increased possibility of avoiding a stroke. The risk factor was lowered by almost 20%.
Even though green tea can be found in many different types in dependence of the country and the region of origin as well as growing conditions, horticulture, the time of year the tea is harvested and production processing- there are only two basic ways in which tea can be grown: exposed on sun or in the shade.
There is tea harvest 3-4 times a year: in April and early May, in June and July and in late July and early August. The fourth doesnt occurs always and it comes in the early spring when the quality of the leaves is the best.
When it comes to preparing tea, there are two methods-artisanal and modern. The artisanal method includes sun-drying coupled with basket, pan or charcoal firing. The modern method includes tumbling, steaming or oven-drying.
Choosing the Right Tea for You
Now when you are convinced that green tea is beneficial for your organism, you should know how to choose the best tea for you. Always look for the organic tea that is fair-trade certified. You should always be careful if the tea you are buying includes caffeine or not: which is very important thing for many customers.